US Editorial, September 18 (EFE).- Global threats such as the war in Ukraine, the food crisis, the climate emergency or the escalation of inflation will be mixed in the speeches of Latin American leaders this week at the UN with problems close to their realities, such as the fight against drugs in Colombia, the constitutional framework of Chile, the American sanctions against Venezuela or the Argentine claim of the Falklands.

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro will be responsible for opening the leaders’ speeches ahead of the plenary session of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which begins on Tuesday 20 and ends on Monday 26. After Bolsonaro, this will be the turn of the American president, Joe Biden, then of the Chilean, Gabriel Boric.

The Brazilian president, who is aspiring to be re-elected in elections on October 2, has planned that his address to the General Assembly will serve as an electoral platform to address Brazilian voters, as planned during a press conference this week by the Secretary of Multilateral Affairs of the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paulino Carvalho.

Bolsonaro will also address issues on the global agenda, including the global economic situation after the pandemic, the war in Ukraine and the need to ensure food sovereignty and strengthen sustainable development.

Unlike the Brazilian leader, Gabriel Boric prefers to keep the content of his first speech to the UN General Assembly confidential, Palacio de La Moneda sources told EFE, but analysts believe he will be in line with the one he delivered to the UN General Assembly. Summit of the Americas, held in Los Angeles (USA) in early June.

On this occasion, which marked his debut in a multinational forum, the progressive leader urged the eradication of tax havens and the encouragement of inter-American trade, called for coordinated solutions for emigration, expressed concern over the rise in prize and offered to act quickly and effectively in the protection of the environment, with a special mention for ethical mining and renewable energies.

Experts say the Chilean president will address issues of a global nature, such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and defend the balance between China – one of its main trading partners – the United States and the Union Europe, in the current context of rivalry for world hegemony.

The main unknown in Boric’s speech is how he will describe the internal situation of his country, after the crushing rejection of the draft new Constitution which was submitted to a plebiscite on September 4 and which opened a period of uncertainty on the how to proceed with the constitutional process.

New approach in the fight against drugs

For his part, the President of Colombia, Gustavo Petro, who took office last August, will speak for the first time at the UN General Assembly.

The Colombian president will put on the table the need to implement urgent actions to stop the global climate crisis, a threat that, as he said, endangers the existence of “the human species”.

In line with this concern, Petro will propose a dialogue between the United States and Latin America to undertake “an energy transition” that leads to a “decarbonized economy”.

The new relationship with Washington also includes a different approach in the fight against drugs, because the one that has been applied so far, according to him, has not only failed, but also undermined democracy in his country.

Colombia’s President Gustavo Petro in a file photo. EFE/Carlos Ortega

Petro is also expected to talk about his ‘total peace’ initiative, a priority of his government which includes brokering a deal with the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas and expanding his peace offer to gangs. criminals and dissidents of the FARC, for which the support of the international community is essential.

Regarding Argentina, official sources consulted by EFE indicated that in President Alberto Fernández’s speech to the UN General Assembly “the issue of political violence will surely be present”, after the failed attack on the vice -president, Cristina Fernández, occurred on September 1, an assassination attempt which the government says took place against a backdrop of growing political aggression and “hate speech”.

In his speech, the Argentine President will also talk about the effects of the war in Ukraine on prices, access to food and energy on a global scale, but with a particular negative impact on less developed countries, as well the contribution that Argentina can make as a major producer of food and hydrocarbons.

Furthermore, as is customary in every speech by an Argentinian president before the UN, Fernández will reiterate Argentina’s claim to sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands and the UK’s request to sit down at a negotiation.

A five-year global truce

Meanwhile, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has announced that he will propose to the United Nations to form a committee to achieve dialogue and peace between Russia and Ukraine and sign a truce between all the nations of the world for at least five years. which include the suspension of military actions and provocations, as well as military tests.

López Obrador will propose that this committee be composed of Pope Francis, UN Secretary General António Guterres and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while demanding the cessation of hostilities in Ukraine and the start of direct talks between the presidents Volodymyr Zelensky and Vladimir Putin.

La autorización del Congreso de Perú para que el presidente, Pedro Castillo, pueda viajar a Nueva York para asistir a la Asamblea General de la ONU ha sido una sorpresa, considerando el enfrentamiento que ambas instituciones maintainen desde que hace catorce meses Castillo accedió a la Jefatura of State.

In fact, Parliament did not allow him to attend Gustavo Petro’s inauguration on August 7. But on this occasion, the Congress, theater of the political fragmentation of the country, gave him the authorization and Castillo will also be able to attend the summit on education which is being held tomorrow Monday, during which the Peruvian president, a teacher by profession, will feel particularly comfortable.

The mystery of Venezuela

Nicolás Maduro’s intervention is not guaranteed, and if he speaks it will likely be virtually, as the United States has barred him entry since August 2017, under a sanctions package against the Chavista regime.

In the event that Maduro wants to travel to the United Nations headquarters in New York to attend the General Assembly, the United States will consider the request, but nothing has transpired so far.

File photograph of the President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, speaking at the United Nations General Assembly, in September 2015. EFE/Jason Szenes

In case Nicolás Maduro intervenes via telematics, analysts say Nicolás Maduro will focus on the US threat to impose new sanctions on Venezuela if it does not resume negotiations with the opposition, suspended last October by government decision .

Likewise, he will reject the interference and manipulation that, according to him, Washington exercises against Venezuela and other countries, such as Nicaragua or Cuba, and will defend the sovereignty of nations and multilateralism, against capitalism.

Moreover, he will denounce the campaign that, according to him, the West is waging against Russia in the war in Ukraine, and will not miss the opportunity to recall that when the world is going through a serious energy crisis, Venezuela has resources that are available to countries that need them, but under the conditions imposed by the Caribbean country.

Edited by Juan David Moso

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