United Nations, September 20 (EFE).- World leaders will speak today before the United Nations General Assembly, which this year is marked by the war in Ukraine and several crises that have been aggravated by this conflict .

After a year 2020 where the General Assembly was held virtually due to the pandemic and a year 2021 where it was held in a hybrid way, on this occasion all the leaders who intervene do so in person from New York.

The only exception is precisely that of the Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky, who was authorized to address the rest of the world via a pre-recorded video given the state of war in his country.

The President of Ukraine on screen at a United Nations meeting.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky appears on screen during a United Nations Security Council meeting. EFE/EPA/PETER FOLEY/File

THE WAR IN UKRAINE, A KEY ISSUE

The war in Ukraine will be the issue that will mark this year’s great week of international diplomacy, which takes place at a time of military advances by Kyiv, which have enabled it to recover part of the territory that Russia had occupied.

So far, a clear majority of the countries of the world have backed Ukraine at the United Nations, and Western powers are expected this week to also seek the support of the big countries that have remained more or less on the sidelines for months, as is the case in India.

Russian President Vladimir Putin will not travel to New York and his government’s delegation will be led by Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.

In addition to speaking to the Assembly, Lavrov is due to attend a ministerial meeting on Ukraine at the Security Council on Thursday.

INTERNATIONAL CRISIS

Another issue that will be at the center of the debates of the UN General Assembly will be the food crisis, aggravated by the war in Ukraine.

Much attention is also expected for the conflict-related energy crisis – of direct importance for European countries, but also for the world in general due to rising fuel prices – and for climate change – with the UN in search of new national commitments- .

The economic situation, marked by high global inflation, will also feature prominently in the speeches of many leaders.

With thousands of diplomats present in New York, alongside the General Assembly, there will be the opportunity to discuss all kinds of issues, including key issues on the international agenda such as nuclear negotiations with Iran, the situation of entrenched conflicts such as those in Yemen, Libya or Syria and the crises in various African countries, particularly those in the Sahel.

SCHEDULE CHANGES

Logistically, this year’s meetings will be somewhat conditioned by the celebration of the funeral of Queen Elizabeth II. The presence of many Heads of State in London will prevent their participation in this meeting and, moreover, will change the usual scenario of the General Assembly.

For example, US President Joe Biden, who always speaks on Opening Day, will not speak on this occasion until tomorrow.

Yes, Jair Bolsonaro will be at this departure, which will fulfill the tradition and, as President of Brazil, will deliver the first speech among the hundred Heads of State and Government who will pass through the podium of the General Assembly.

LATIN AMERICA, AN IMPORTANT ROLE

Today’s session will have a strong Latin American presence and will mark the UN debut of several new leaders from the region such as Chilean Gabriel Boric, Colombian Gustavo Petro and Honduran Xiomara Castro.

Alongside these new banners of the Latin American left, Peruvian President Pedro Castillo, Argentinian Alberto Fernández and Bolivian Luis Arce will speak.

The participation of other Latin American leaders of different political allegiances is also expected, such as the presidents of Paraguay, Mario Abdo Benítez; from Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei; and from El Salvador, Nayib Bukele, who will arrive in New York after announcing his controversial decision to run for office.

Among the most important leaders who will speak that day are the President of France, Emmanuel Macron; German Chancellor Olaf Scholz; Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan; and the heads of the Italian, Mario Draghi, and Japanese, Kishida Fumio governments.

Web edition: Marina González

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