Madrid, Sep 21 (EFE) .- “Compacted” cities would allow cities to have more sustainable mobility, says architect and professor at the European University, José Luis Penelas, who is however more favorable to the creation new metropolises, with investments in infrastructure, technology or research, but always thinking of people, of “ontological aspects”.

As part of the celebration of European Mobility Week – whose motto is “Better connections” – Penelas assures us that we must build cities with a view in ten, fifteen or twenty years, because the city of the future goes through the concept of “compactness”.

Cities “the more compact they are, the more sustainable they are”, because they free up much more green space, they are less aggressive with the ground, there is less travel, mobility is much more efficient, the less we consume, the less you spend on fuel and the pockets of heat are reduced, specifies the urban planning expert.

And one of the aspects that will influence the change in the concept and design of cities is “three-dimensional transport, he argues, with vehicles that will pass through the air” -which “already exist in some countries”-, do we think. “in a two-dimensional city and the three-dimensional city is already there”.

The European University professor argues that “totally different cities” will emerge with this, with the possibility of putting parks on top of buildings or having parks on green highways, it’s “very possible and it is cheaper than what we have now and it would benefit everyone and the health of all citizens.

The current cities are “made” cities, but the problems are not solved, they can be improved, but “it will not be a total improvement”.

There is a need, says Penelas, to “rethink” urban design, as cities and neighborhoods have been projected “based on cities as they have been designed over the past 20 centuries”, a concept that “is obsolete”.

It proposes new systems of thought, to integrate new technologies, new computational systems capable of incorporating all new systems to generate them, “which are based on the interiority of the human being”.

These are cities that must be able to function “with zero energy expenditure, which can be achieved”, with hypermobility that extends to all systems and “that changes mentality”.

For this, she proposes to carry out a spatial investment in terms of localization and relocalization of all the elements that make up a city, a process that would be done “in layers”, considering one for pedestrians, another for scooter mobility. or bicycles, which have another degree and must never be at the same level as cars, which is done by raising the infrastructure.

This is what Penelas calls “friendly mobility”, which would consist of a new concept of urbanism, understanding it as an “extension and interconnection with the senses of the human being”, such as sight, touch, among others, which can be extended to all elements of the city, in “a kind of living organism based on cell growth and based on nature”.

He proposes as an example the “forest cities”, which would be practicable, but seen from the sky “it practically does not look like a city but like a large green system, creating a microclimate on an urban scale, and that is what currently claims.

That is, the “internalization” of cities by human beings, designed from the senses, from perception, not just the physical, from “living organisms” that would be changing and adapting in real time to the needs demanded by society, political and economic systems, among others.

This type of city, which he calls “hyperfluid, is not yet built”, although he proposed it for the cities of South Korea, where nature, water systems, an interconnection of systems and functions, an interconnected city, not separated by zones, so that everything was integrated in the fields of education, leisure, business, with nature in the city.

“It would be a reimagining of what cities are today,” Penelas points out.

In Spain, there is the example of Vitoria, but also that of “the pedestrianization of Madrid, which multiplies the pedestrian systems, and which makes it the city of its inhabitants”, but it is a “very slow process”, who why she proposes to perform a “much more radical and surgical” action.

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