United Nations, September 20 (EFE).- The global consequences of the war in Ukraine marked the opening of the UN General Assembly on Tuesday, where many leaders warned of the strong international division, the crisis economy and the problem of hunger, all accentuated by the Russian invasion.

The calls for peace took place on this first day of the major annual meeting of the United Nations, in which the Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and the Frenchman, Emmanuel Macron, had a special role.

Both, although from quite different positions, have become two of the main channels of open contact with Moscow and Kyiv and today devote a good part of their speeches to the conflict.

Erdogan announced that he would redouble his efforts to end the war “on the basis of the territorial integrity and independence of Ukraine” and called on the entire international community to support these efforts .

How to achieve peace?

“We must find a reasonable, fair and workable diplomatic solution together that will give both sides a chance to come out of this honourably,” the Turkish leader said.

Earlier, in an interview with US channel PBS, Erdogan said he believed Russian President Vladimir Putin would be willing to end the conflict “as soon as possible” and said any peace deal should include the return of the territory to Ukraine. invaded.

Meanwhile, Macron said peace “is only possible” if Kyiv wants it “sovereignly” and Russia accepts “in good faith” that Ukraine’s sovereignty is “respected, its territory liberated and its security protected”.

In his speech, the French head of state asked the countries that remain outside this war for a clear position, so as not to be “accomplices” of Moscow in this invasion.

Thus, he insisted that contemporary imperialism “is not European or Western” – alluding to the Russian thesis – and warned that with its actions, “Russia has decided to open the ban other wars of annexation, today in Europe, but perhaps tomorrow in Asia, Africa and Latin America”.

“Ukraine is exercising its natural right to self-defense and, judging by recent reports from the battlefields, it is doing so with admirable courage, strength and efficiency,” said Sauli Niinistö, President of the Finland.

Global Consequences of War

While European countries see the conflict as something very close, for a majority of the world, what is noted are the collateral effects of the war, especially with regard to food security and the economy.

UN Secretary General António Guterres insisted on the urgency of solving the problems of fertilizer supplyof which it tries to facilitate exports from Russia, exports which are not subject to international sanctions but which have been reduced since the beginning of the conflict.

“This year the world has enough food, the problem is distribution. But if the fertilizer market does not stabilize next year, the problem could be the food supply itself,” he warned in the opening speech.

Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary General

The UN chief called for decisive support for the most vulnerable countries, where the effects of war, climate change, inflation, public debt and lack of access to finance are creating a “perfect storm “.

“We have a winter of global discontent on the horizon. The cost of living crisis is intense. Trust is crumbling. Inequality is exploding. Our planet is burning. warned António Guterres.

Food security was discussed in depth at a parallel summit organized by the United States, Spain, the European Union and the African Union, during which measures were promised to deal with the crisis.

A world in danger

António Guterres opened the meetings today with a grim description of the international situation, speaking of a world “in danger and paralyzed”, unable to act in the face of the serious problems that threaten it.

“There is no cooperation. There is no dialogue. There is also no collective problem solving,” lamented the Portuguese diplomat, who warned of the “tremendous dangers for world peace and security” and the “sound of nuclear sabers” which only aggravates instability.

His speech was strongly anchored in the social – with a particular concern for inequalities – and the environmental – pointing to climate change as the major issue of this time.

“We have a winter of global discontent on the horizon. The cost of living crisis is intense. Trust is crumbling. Inequality is exploding. Our planet is burning. he warned governments.

General Assembly meetings will continue tomorrow, when speeches by US President Joe Biden are expected, among others; Iranian Ebrahim Raisi; and the Ukrainian Volodímir Zelenski, who will participate by video.

Web editor: Natalia Vargas

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