United Nations, September 21 (EFE).- The global consequences of the war in Ukraine marked the opening of the United Nations General Assembly.

Many leaders warned of the sharp international divide, economic crisis and hunger problem, all heightened by the Russian invasion.

The calls for peace took place on the first day of the major annual meeting of the United Nations, in which the Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and the Frenchman, Emmanuel Macron, had a special role.

Both, although having quite different positions, have become two of the main channels of open contact with Moscow and Kyiv and have devoted a good part of their speeches to the conflict.

Erdogan announced that he would redouble his efforts to end the war “on the basis of the territorial integrity and independence of Ukraine” and called on the entire international community to support these efforts .

Meanwhile, Macron said peace “is only possible” if Kyiv wants it “sovereignly” and Russia accepts “in good faith” that Ukraine’s sovereignty is “respected, its territory liberated and its security protected”.

French President Emmanuel Macron during his speech to the UN General Assembly. EFE/EPA/Peter Foley

The French head of state took advantage of his speech to ask the countries that remain outside this war for a clear position, so as not to be “accomplices” of Moscow in this invasion.

Scholz asks for help from Ukraine

Hours later, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz was instructed to warn that Russian President Vladimir Putin “will only abandon his war and his imperialist ambitions if he sees that he cannot win”, for which he urged to support Ukraine by all means.

“President Putin is waging a war with one goal: to take control of Ukraine. Self-determination and political independence do not matter to him. There is only one word for it. This is pure and simple imperialism.

In his first speech to the UN General Assembly, the German leader stressed that “the return of imperialism is not only a disaster for Europe” but also for the whole peaceful world order .

For this reason, he insisted that one cannot be “indifferent” to this war and how it ends and stressed that Ukraine must be able to defend itself.

In his speech, Scholz also touched on other issues such as the climate crisis and the reform of the UN Security Council, where he said Germany was ready to “take more responsibility” as a member. permanent in case these changes are accepted.

Strong speech by the Secretary General

UN Secretary-General António Guterres opened the annual General Assembly Leaders’ Meeting with a stark warning of a world that is increasingly fractured, unequal and unable to address major issues affecting everybody.

“We have a winter of global discontent on the horizon. The cost of living crisis is intense. Trust is crumbling. Inequality is exploding. Our planet is burning. People are suffering and the most vulnerable are the most”

The UN chief insisted that major global challenges cannot be solved alone or with alliances of countries, but that a grand “global coalition” is needed.

Ukraine, at the center of the UN’s concerns

About the war in UkraineGuterres blamed the Russian invasion for triggering “widespread destruction with massive violations of human rights and international humanitarian law”, killing thousands, displacing millions and affecting billions. in the world.

In addition, he recalled that the conflict aggravates the international divide and that today there are “tremendous dangers for world peace and security” and a “crash of nuclear sabers” which only aggravates the instability.

The economic crisis is also present

António Guterres also addressed the economic crisis and the effects of runaway inflation, especially in the most vulnerable countries.

“Some 94 countries – home to 1.6 billion people, mostly in Africa – are facing a perfect storm: the economic and social fallout from the pandemic, rising food and energy prices, a burden of crippling debt, soaring inflation and lack of access to finance,” he said.

In response, he called on the G20 – the group that brings together the most powerful economies – for a massive recovery plan to alleviate this crisis and save the Sustainable Development Goals.

Web edition: Mar Monreal

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