Almost 7 months after the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the conflict has gone through different phases. Here are some of the most important:
Beginning of the invasion
February 24: Russia bombs several Ukrainian cities during an operation in Donbass (east), three days after the Kremlin recognized the separatists Donetsk and Lugansk as independent republics.
The invasion begins with missile attacks on various military installations in kyiv, Kharkov and Dnipro.
A Russian landing party lands in Odessa.
-February 27 – Russian troops enter Kharkov.
Capture of Kherson and blockade of Mariupol
– March 1: Russia bursts into Kherson, on the Black Sea, and continues the siege of Mariupol, the strategic port of Donbass.
– March 3: Four Russian landing ships set sail for Odessa.
– March 4: Russia attacks Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, Zaporijia, in the south and five days later takes control of Chernobyl.
-The shelling and siege of kyiv, Kharkov and a residential area of Chernigov in the north continues.
Offensive against Kharkov, Odessa and Lviv
– March 7: Russia attacks the enclaves of Kharkov, Sumy (north-east) and Odessa (south) with missiles and artillery, while the third round of negotiations begins.
– March 9: Russia bombs a mother-child hospital in Mariupol.
– March 13: Eight Russian missiles hit a military base in Lviv, on the border with Poland.
– Russian troops launch more than 30 missiles at Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, against a base near the Polish border, killing at least 35 people.
– March 21: Eight killed in a bomb attack on a shopping center in Kyiv, which Moscow said was a warehouse with inoperative rocket launchers.
Recovery of Irpin and liberation of Kyiv
– March 28: Ukraine recovers Irpin and avoids the siege of the capital.
– March 29: Russia announces that it is reducing its attacks on Kyiv and Chernigov to facilitate an agreement with Ukraine, which accepts neutrality.
– March 31: NATO ensures that Russian troops are not withdrawing but rather regrouping in the east. Meanwhile, fighting continues near Kyiv, in Chernigov and shelling in Donbass.
-April 1: Russian troops withdraw from Kyiv
Bucha massacre and denunciation of chemical weapons in Mariúpol
– April 4: More than 400 bodies of civilians are discovered in Bucha, on the outskirts of Kyiv, after the withdrawal of Russian troops. The international community denounces the genocide and the Kremlin describes it as “unfounded”.
– April 8: 50 dead, including 5 children, in an attack on Kramatorsk station, which housed thousands of people trying to leave the country.
– April 11: pro-Russian militias take the port of Mariúpol.
– April 12: Ukraine denounces the possible use of chemical weapons in Mariupol by pro-Russian militias in Donetsk.
– April 14: Russia claims that the missile cruiser “Moskva”, its flagship in the Black Sea, sank while being towed in a storm, while Ukraine claims that it was hit by two cruise missiles. The number of victims is unknown.
– April 17: At least 53 dead in the Russian bombardment of Chernigov.
– April 19: Moscow announces the second phase of the war to liberate the Donbass.
Capture of Mariupol
-April 21: Russia claims to have taken Mariúpol, although it admits a pocket of resistance in the Azovstal steelworks.- April 25: Russia declares a new ceasefire for the evacuation of civilians from Azovstal .
– May 1: Ukraine manages to evacuate the first hundred civilians from the steelworks and on May 7, the women, children and the elderly, and only the soldiers who resist remain.
– May 17: Ukraine abandons the fight in Azovstal.
– May 19: 771 Ukrainian soldiers leave the steelworks with what are already 1,730 soldiers who have “surrendered”, according to Moscow.
Final offensive in the Donbass and siege of Sverodonetsk
– May 25: Russia steps up its offensive in the Donbass towards the strategic enclave of Severodonetsk.
– May 30: The Russians enter Severodonetsk to finish controlling Lugansk.
– June 11: Russia maintains its blockade of Ukrainian forces at the Azot plant in Severodonetsk, in an attempt to repeat its tactics of the Azovstal steelworks in Mariupol and break the will of the defenders of the last Ukrainian stronghold in Lugansk.
-June 13: Ukraine assures the destruction of all the bridges of Severodonetsk.
-June 21: New Russian attack on the Azot factory, which resists.
– June 25: Russia takes Severodonetsk completely after the withdrawal of Ukrainian soldiers.
– June 27: At least 18 killed by a Russian missile in a shopping center in Kremenchuk.
Siege of Lisichansk and capture of Lugansk
July 1: Eighteen killed by missiles in Odessa as Russia begins siege of Lisichansk, the last bastion under Ukrainian control in Lugansk.
July 3: Russia considers Lisichansk taken and with it all of Lugansk. Ukrainian troops leave the area.
-July 16: Russia increases attacks in Donetsk with Síversk in sight
Southern Ukraine, a new war front
-July 20: Southern Ukraine is once again bombarded, notably Dnipropetrovsk, near Crimea,
-July 22: Ukraine and Russia agree to create a safe maritime corridor to export grain.
-July 24-28: Ukrainian troops advance towards Kherson, after days of shelling the bridges over the Dnieper -August 1: The first ship with a cargo of grain leaves from the commercial port of Odessa, on the Black Sea.
August 8: Ukraine accuses Russia of committing more than 27,000 war crimes.
-August 13: Heavy Russian fighting in Donetsk and Zaporijia. Both sides accuse each other of attacks on the nuclear power plant.
-August 19: Putin and Macron support sending an IAEA mission to Zaporizhia.
August 22: Russia accuses the Ukrainian secret services of the death in an attack on the 20th of Daria Duguina, daughter of the leader of the neo-eurasist movement, Alexandr Duguin, considered close to the Kremlin.
August 26: Ukraine reconnects Zaporijia before the arrival of the IAEA mission and one day after its total interruption due to the fire recorded in a well of this factory, occupied by Russian troops.
Ukraine launches counter-offensive
– August 29: Ukraine begins a large-scale counter-offensive in Kherson.
-August 30: Ukraine accuses Russia of having stolen “between 500,000 and 800,000 tonnes of grain”.
-September 1: IAEA inspects Zaporizhia and establishes a “continuous” presence at the factory.
-September 14: Ukrainian forces have liberated 8,500 square kilometers, 388 towns and 150,000 people since September 6 in the eastern region, reports the Ukrainian government.
-September 16: Mass graves. A total of 440 unidentified graves have been located in the town of Izium after Ukraine regained control from the Russian occupation.
– September 19: Russian troops attack with missiles the industrial zone of the nuclear power plant in southern Ukraine, according to the Ukrainian state company Energoatom.
-September 20: The parliaments of the self-proclaimed people’s republics of Donetsk and Lugansk call a referendum on integration with Russia from September 23 to 27
September 21: Vladimir Putin announces a “partial mobilization” in a televised message to the nation, in which he accuses the West of seeking the destruction of Russia.