Pamplona, ​​September 22 (EFE) .- Ophthalmologists around the world are worried about the increase in myopia that will generate the abuse of digital screens by children, explained this Thursday the president of the Spanish Society of Ophthalmology (SEO), Antonio Pinero.

Piñero, participant in the 98th Congress of the Sociedad Española de Ophthalmología (SEO) that was celebrated in Pamplona on September 24 with the participation of 2,400 specialists, ha signaled to the periodistas that “los ojos no son un órgano que se canse por use; we get tired when we read because our brain is exhausted, we get tired intellectually and we have to rest”.

Digital screens, he said, “cause visual fatigue by maintaining the gaze, not because the eye gets tired”, but its excessive use can create myopia by having the sight focused on a near point for a long time. .

In this sense, he assured that “the world is concerned about this issue. It is estimated that all this technology will lead to an increase in the incidence of myopia in Europe and worldwide by 2050”.

Indeed, he pointed out, in Asian countries like Singapore or Japan, where myopia is endemic, children have two hours of recess at school and during this period tablets and mobiles are prohibited. “They have two hours of recreation to look at infinity, not look closely, and it will start” also in Western countries, he underlined.

Piñero said that visual health in Spain “is good”, because “there are a lot of prevention campaigns, people are taking better care of themselves”, although pathologies caused by new technologies are appearing, such as dry eyes , more common in women because “women’s tears have less quality than men’s and protect the eye less”.

The SEO president felt that the age of 40, when visual fatigue problems begin to appear, is a good time to start going to the ophthalmologist, a professional who “can prevent diseases that can develop more late”.

During this Congress, the first to be held in person after the pandemic, new advances in the treatment of eye problems will be discussed, among other issues, commented Piñero, who stressed that “technology has caused an exponential change” in that Sens.

These are, he explained, very important advances in the therapy of age-related degenerative diseases of the retina, for which there are already new drugs that allow elderly patients to retain their vision. throughout their life.

“It is something that can happen to all of us from the age of 70, degenerative processes due to the passage of time, which today have treatment, something that they did not have just ten years ago. years”, underlined Piñero, who recognized that “these are advances of which we ourselves are struck by the speed with which they appear”.

Medicine, he says, “is moving at a breakneck pace these days, at least in our specialty, ophthalmology.”

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