By Mario Villar |

United Nations (EFE). Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky used his speech before the UN General Assembly on Wednesday to ask the world for tougher sanctions against Russia and to demand more military support for his country, excluding for the moment any possibility of negotiating peace.

Zelensky addressed the international community the same day Russian President Vladimir Putin opened a new phase of the war by ordering the partial mobilization of reservists and threatening to use nuclear weapons.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky delivers his video address to the United Nations General Assembly. EFE/EPA/Peter Foley

These announcements by Putin, which come amid a major Ukrainian counteroffensive, set the tone for the second day of meetings of international leaders at the United Nations, in which the Russian leader does not attend, but where he seized almost all of the attention today.

Zelensky, who is also not in New York, addressed the General Assembly with a video message and denounced the Russian invasion as a “crime” against his country, against its citizens and against all values what the UN stands for.

Ukrainian First Lady Olena Zelenska (c) listens to her husband, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. EFE/EPA/Peter Foley

“Russia must pay”

“A crime has been committed against Ukraine and we demand a just punishment,” insisted the president, speaking in English and wearing his now classic military shirt.

Ese castigo, señaló, debe traducirse en sanciones, un bloco del comercio y las relaciones con Moscú, la retirada de su derecho al voto en órganos internacionales, restricciones a los visados ​​para los rusos o la creación de un tribunal especial que juzgue los crimes cometidos , among other things.

Zelensky then closed the door on a possible negotiation with Russia, insisting that when Moscow talks about dialogue, the only thing it is looking for is buying time to regroup.

“Russia wants to winter in the occupied territory of Ukraine and prepare its forces to attempt a new offensive. New Buchas, new Izyums…,” he said, referring to two of the towns where alleged massacres were uncovered after the Russian withdrawal.

“At the very least, they want to prepare fortifications on the occupied lands and carry out military mobilization at home,” added Zelensky, who said his country cannot accept a war postponed for a few months, because then it will be even bloodier. .

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky at the United Nations General Assembly. EFE/EPA/Peter Foley

more military aid

For this reason, he asked his allies for more military support, especially long-range weapons and air defenses, with which he could continue his counteroffensive.

“We can return the Ukrainian flag to our entire territory. We can do it by force of arms, but we need time,” said Zelensky, who also requested additional financial assistance.

As he pointed out, all Russian actions – such as Putin’s latest announcements today – show that “Russia wants war”.

“We are ready for peace, but a true, honest and just peace. This is why we have the world on our side,” he added in a speech that stirred many of those present in the General Assembly hemicycle.

Support for Kyiv was heard loud and clear today at the UN by US President Joe Biden, who demanded firmness from the world in the face of the Russian invasion and assured that what Putin seeks, it is “to put an end to Ukraine’s right to exist as a state”.

Also from several leaders who see the conflict as something very close, in the case of Estonia or Latvia, while European countries met their foreign ministers in New York to coordinate their response to the latest measures of Cheese fries.

Meanwhile, many governments in other regions have opted for broader calls for peace and an end to a conflict that has indirect consequences around the world.

Iran versus the United States

Another of the speeches expected that day was that of the Iranian leader, Ebrahim Raisi, who used his first visit to New York as president to accuse the United States and warn Washington that its hegemony is ending and will be replaced by ” a new order.

Raisi, who spoke as hundreds of exiled Iranians protested their country’s theocratic rule close to the UN, also said he remained willing to reach a deal to salvage the 2015 nuclear pact. , but demanded guarantees and reiterated that his country would not seek an atomic weapon.

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi speaks before the United Nations General Assembly. EFE/EPA/JASON SZENES

The ultra-conservative leader did not directly address the protests that took place in the country after the death of a woman detained for not wearing the veil correctly, but he insisted on denouncing the “double standard” of those who criticize the human rights situation. in Iran and not elsewhere.

Web editor: Natalia Sarmiento

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