Cristina Cabrejas |

Rome (EFE).- Much more than her fascist past, what most worries pro-Europeans about far-right leader Giorgia Meloni, favorite in the Italian elections, is her relationship with the European Union (EU) , although during the electoral campaign campaign there were moderated his eurosceptic discourse.

Meloni’s strong criticism of the EU -which he accuses of being centered on the popular-socialist axis-, as well as his opposition to the government of the Europeanist Mario Draghi and its economic recipes, and even lately the demand for reviewing the recovery plan to manage the extraordinary European funds, have caused concern in Europe.

And the latest vote in Europe, with his far-right partner Matteo Salvini, against the resolution declaring Hungary not a democracy, has again raised alarms.

However, and although these gestures continue to raise concerns, many analysts agree that Meloni does not intend to be locked into the scheme of “Eurosceptic sovereignty”, but rather tries to become an example Italian-style “conservative party”, as he did. shown with its rejection of Vladimir Putin’s Russia, approval of sending arms to Ukraine and an outspoken Atlanticism.

Not to mention his opposition to the diversion of public spending to finance aid against rising energy prices, which is very well seen in Europe.

Giorgia Meloni campaigning in the Italian elections
Far-right leader Giorgia Meloni, campaigning for the Italian elections. EFE/EPA/GIUSEPPE LAMI

“Italy is still walking on the razor’s edge, one step away from a debt crisis. So far this has been avoided thanks to the support of the European institutions, so the main challenge will be to maintain the relationship of trust with Brussels, with France and Germany, as well as with the ECB,” said Damiano Palano , professor of philosophy, explains to the EFE Politician and director of the Department of Political Science of the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Milan.

Palano adds that the first commitment of the next government – whatever it is – will be to obtain the support of the European institutions and for this “it will be almost inevitable to abandon the skeptical attitudes towards Brussels and its main partners”.

Meloni worries in Europe

But beyond the metamorphosis of the leader of the Brothers of Italy, “the institutions of the EU and most of its members are watching with concern the hypothesis of a government led by Meloni”, according to the expert, who describes what lies behind this change of facade. .

“He harshly criticized the foundations of the Maastricht Treaty, for a time he mentioned the possibility of the dissolution of the euro zone and the return to national currencies, he expressed his closeness to the government of Viktor Orbán, particularly with regard to concerns the defense of tradition and national identities, and during the pandemic he was close to anti-vaccine circles, or at least supported some of their demands.

According to Palano, “nobody in Europe (but not even in Italy) knows whether Giorgia Meloni, as Prime Minister, will look more like the responsible, pro-European, Atlanticist of recent months, or the anti-system, euro-critic and sovereignist of the previous ten years.

Georgia Meloni and her eurosceptic tendency

For Francesco Saraceno, professor of European macroeconomics at Sciences Po Paris and Luiss University in Rome, “Italy will have a government with very strong Eurosceptic components and the challenge will be to become a credible partner in Europe and not to be perceived as an ally of Orbán, but as a country that can be counted on to make the reforms that the EU needs.

Saraceno agrees that “Meloni is going in this direction” and the proof is “that throughout the electoral campaign he did not criticize Draghi”.

Meloni, Berlusconi and Salvini in the Italian electoral campaign
From iad, Salvini, Berlusconi and Meloni greet each other during the closing meeting of the Italian electoral campaign. EFE/EPA/GIUSEPPE LAMI

For this professor, it will be important to see “who will be the Minister of Economy in the next government” and the appeal of Giulio Tremonti, already Chief of Finance in the governments of Silvio Berlusconi, to the ranks of the Brothers of Italy is a sign.

“Europe is not afraid of a conservative government or a party with a fascist past, what it is afraid of is a Eurosceptic government, and in the ranks of this right there are people assets that continue to think about leaving the euro”, says the expert.

Meloni’s transformation is “fascinating” because from being “the most extreme party in the coalition, he has positioned himself as a guarantor, sending the message: don’t worry about the League being in government because we will control it” , he concludes.

Web editor: Rocio Casas

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